Saturday, May 23, 2020

The Priest s Halloween Sermon - 841 Words

I forced myself to think about the priest’s Halloween sermon. It was during that sermon that I experienced my first vison. I was watching the red and blue colors of the stained glass window. In the window was a boatload of apostles. Suddenly, I felt that the fishermen were in need of assistance and found myself standing on the shore of a river in the woodlands near the church. An old fisherman in need of a haircut whittled a twig as he stood a few paces to my right. I tried to tell him that I feared there were fishermen in trouble out on the water, but the old man seemed oblivious to my concern. Under a broadleaf canopy, I heard a distant tremble. A bank of ground fog approached us. I smelled pipe tobacco and fish odors. I looked at the†¦show more content†¦I knew my vision was real. I remembered the stain in Vern’s vest came from years of placing his cherry wood pipe in his waistcoat pocket. I remembered my aunt telling me that Welsh twins made the best fisher men because they spent nine months together in the womb. Their brains grew as one, and from birth the twins acted identically. This commonality made it easier to twins to create a figure eight-shaped wake and fill their nets with fish. Outside the church, I filled my pipe, and as I smoked, I watched the parking lot traffic disappear. I asked myself, am I mentally unstable. Did the fisherman stand for my platoon? Was Vern really Bao? I made my way to my aunt’s house. Her home smelled of fresh cut pine, and she offered me a cup of coffee with a cinnamon stick in it. I accepted, and we went to the kitchen table and discussed our week. As she talked, I looked out her kitchen table. A small oak grew in the front yard. Snow capped the birdfeeder beside her bird bath. â€Å"The Welsh word for druid is derwydd,† she said. â€Å"Everything I have taught you must be put to memory. â€Å"I know,† I answered, â€Å"You say that every Sunday when I visit you.†  "It is important for you to memorize it. Don’t write it down. The written word can be used against you. We’ve kept our secrets this way for generations.† â€Å"I am memorizing everything you tell me,† I said. â€Å"That is why I repeat myself,† she answered, â€Å"It isShow MoreRelatedWe Must Obey Our Elders17194 Words   |  69 PagesFather’s Love for him, who made a Cloak of many Colors for him: beCause he would become the Father of a Company of many Nations, called the British Empire, upon which the Sun never Sets: beCause it is a Worldwide Empire, which became such during the 1800’s, until this Day, which was Fulfilling the Prophecies that were given concerning him and his Children during the Last Days ― that is, during the Days just before the Second Coming of Jesus Christ, when all Things will be brought to a Climax. Yes, before

Tuesday, May 12, 2020

The Legacy of the Ancient Roman Civilization Essay

The Legacy of the Ancient Roman Civilization There have been many amazing and influential empires in Western civilization. Of these historical empires, the legacy of the Ancient Roman Civilization seems to be the most prevalent. Rome, by no means, was an empire that grew overnight. #Roman civilization was twelve hundred years of developing, flourishing and ultimately disintegrating. This was a period of time of innovation, creation, and Roman domination. The civilization owes much of its heritage to the ancient Greeks, along with many other previously dominate empires. The Romans took a large amount of societal innovations from other empires, such as the Greeks, and applied the information in a manner that was beneficial to their†¦show more content†¦Upon receiving this information, Amulius had Rhea Silvia and her two sons thrown into the Tiber River. The two newborns were placed in a basket, which floated away and later got caught on an overhanging fig tree branch. Rhea Silvia was said to have sunk to the bot tom of the river and later married the god of the river. A she-wolf and a woodpecker, both sacred to there father Mars, found the infants and clothed and fed them. Shortly after, a local herdsman who, along with his wife, discovered the two brothers and raised them to adulthood . The twins’ foster parents informed them about the circumstances of their birth, and the two sought justice. #When Amulius died during a battle, Romulus and Remus returned their grandfather Numitor to the throne. The twins then established a town near the Tiber River, close to the site where they were saved from the death that Amulius had intended for them.# #Romulus soon after built a wall around the new city. Remus took this as a challenge to his manhood and jumped over the wall. Romulus became very angry, lost his temper, and killed his brother. Immediately after his brother’s death, Romulus named the city after himself and offered asylum to any exiles and fugitives to his city. By open ing his city to these people, the population grew immensely. #Then, to get wives for the men of his city, Romulus invited the neighboring Sabines to a festival. When the SabinesShow MoreRelatedReflection of Humanities807 Words   |  4 Pageshistory and civilization is of vast importance to understanding the great story of humanity. The study of the ancient civilizations has shown itself to me to be a new found interest as the journey of the course had lead me to see the magnificent accomplishments of mankind, and the possibilities of our potential; both in glory and darkness. In this reflection paper, I will look back upon the beginnings of our studies of the development of the early civilizations from the Sumerians to the Roman Empire.Read MoreAncient Roman Civilization And Modern Times936 Words   |  4 PagesThe ancient Roman civilization had many enduring contributions to modern times. Many of the ancient structures survived the ravages of time. This leads the modern touri st to experience the ancient civilization through much of what Ancient Rome’s engineers enduring achievements, namely, temples, baths, aqueducts and roads (Temin, The economy of the early Roman Empire, 2006). Beyond the physical structures that survived the millennia, there are numerous modern cultural influences that are readilyRead MoreThe Most Successful Empire: the Roman or the Mongol? Essay1259 Words   |  6 PagesThe Roman Empire lasted from 201 BC to 476 AD and conquered many lands bordering them, including Mediterranean and covered all of western Europe and half of Britain. On the other hand, the Mongol empire lasted from 1206 AD to 1386 AD and conquered much of Russia, Islam, and many of the Slavic peoples. Their conquests were swift and brutal, often leaving thousands dead behind them and successfully becoming the civilization who had conquered the most land. Although both of the two empires were highlyRead MoreThe Origins Of Western Civilization1547 Words    |  7 PagesThe early history of Western Civilization began in the middle east approximately five thousand years ago, and slowly moved west into Europe. Tis history is highlighted by the rise of many different kingdoms and empires, each with contribution to modern western culture. The following essay will describe the Ancient Greece, the Assyrians and the Ancient Roman, and the legacy each has the study of western civilization. Between 1100 and 387 BCE, the Greeks evolved from a very primitive agriculturalRead More Divine Comedy - Dante and Virgils Relationship in Canto XIV of Dante’s Inferno843 Words   |  4 Pagesthe Old Man of Crete. Dante uses the Old Man of Crete as a metaphor for Virgil’s legacy in order to elucidate the nature of Dante’s and Virgil’s relationship. In the beginning of the metaphor, Dante carefully and methodically illustrates the grandeur of the Greek empire and Roman civilization. [Mount Ida] was once chosen, Virgil explains, as a trusted cradle/ by Rhea for her son (XIV.100-101). According to Roman mythology, Rhea gave birth to Zeus, who ultimately became the father of all GreekRead MoreAncient Greeks And The Roman Empire1085 Words   |  5 Pagesbuilt, by the Ancient Greeks, in a day.† (Crest) Ancient Greece was founded in 800 B.C. and was seen to be the first technical, civilized society. Within this society there were large advances in art, poetry and technology. Despite these advances Greece finally fell to the Romans in the Battle of Corinth in circa 146 B.C. and was established as a Province of the Roman Empire. This occupation, by the Empire of Rome inside of Greece was a symbolic moment of their history. The Romans witnessed theRead More Greeks and romans Essay1008 Words   |  5 Pages Three ancient civil izations contributed most to Western society. These ancient cultures were the Romans, Greeks, and Judeo-Christians. Although all three had a major impact on our life today in areas such Philosophy, Art, Architecture, Education, Military, Family Life, Government, and many more, it is evident that the Roman civilization has impacted Western Society beyond the other two. But to come to this conclusion you must first look at all aspects of life of all three cultures. nbsp;nbsp;nbsp;nbsp;nbsp;TheRead MoreThe Roman Empire and the Han Dynasty Essay1272 Words   |  6 PagesTHE ROMAN EMPIRE AND THE HAN DYNASTY The Roman Empire and the Han Dynasty Imagine being the head of government in one or two of the most famously remembered governments in the world’s history! The Roman Empire and the Han Dynasty are two of the most famous governments in history. The Roman Empire and Han Dynasty were governed in very different ways, however both contributed greatly to Western civilization. The Roman Empire was in power between 1,000 and 1,200 years. The Han Dynasty was inRead MoreHow Strongly Ancient Societies Affected The Formation Of Today s Society1434 Words   |  6 Pagesinvestigate how strongly ancient societies affected the formation of today’s society, by analyzing several characteristics basically originating from civilisations of Ancient Antiquity such as Greece and Rome. The civilized culture is dated back to ancient Greeks and Romans. Their contribution to philosophy, literature and politics has undeniably helped to form notions of modern Western cultures. This is because, assorted essential features in the life of Ancient Greeks and Romans which will be broadlyRead MoreThe Roman Revolution1540 Words   |  7 Pages Refining Civilizations One of the reasons Rome was so powerful, is that they took other people’s accomplishments and used them for their own. Roman laws were mostly composed of assimilated rules and regulations from other cultures. The Twelve Tables allowed the republic to expand and be a model for future cultures. They were the best attempt at all-encompassing laws and rights, that were binding to every person in the republic, not just Roman citizens. As such, it

Wednesday, May 6, 2020

Can Korean Red Ginseng Increase the Life Span of Cancer Patients Free Essays

According to the newspaper article, it claims that Korean red ginseng is capable of increasing the life spans of cancer patients. However, it seems that no concrete evidence is present as yet to substantiate this claim since â€Å"nobody knows the results†. The article mentioned that Korean red ginseng has played a vital role in extending French politician, Francois Mitterrand’s life from three months to more than half a year. We will write a custom essay sample on Can Korean Red Ginseng Increase the Life Span of Cancer Patients? or any similar topic only for you Order Now Professor Kim Si-kwan at Konkuk University further supports this statement as he mentioned, â€Å"red Korean ginseng reduces the amount of reactive oxygen species (ROS) in the body†. Similarly, Professor Park Jeong-hill at Seoul National University also supported the statement as he said, â€Å"it is crucial to deter ROS to prevent or deal with cancer†. According to my online research, ROS are chemically reactive molecules that contain oxygen and they are able to cause harm to cell structures. Particularly, oxidative DNA damage can arise from mitochondria mutation and therefore, leading to cancer (Frei, 1997). Besides that, Korean Ginseng Corporation has stated that Korean red ginseng contains anti-carcinogenic that aids in limiting or slowing down the spread of cancer cell growth. Hence, I feel that it is a sound claim that Korean red ginseng is able to deter cancer cell growth since Korean Ginseng Corporation has stated its stand to support the article’s claim in their company website. Korean Ginseng Corporation has over a hundred year of legacy worldwide and its ginseng is available in the international markets as well, hence it is very likely that the statement from its company website is trustworthy and accurate. Therefore, this makes it a reliable piece of evidence to a certain extent and I can trust its contents. Moreover, Korean Ginseng Corporation has also carried out several experiments to substantiate the fact that Korean red ginseng is able to bring about longer life spans. For instance, a control group of men and women were made to consume Korean red ginseng for a given period of time and compared to those who did not consume it. Results showed that those who consumed the Korean red ginseng lived a longer life than those who did not (Please refer to Appendix 1). As a result, I feel that this piece of evidence is sufficient to support the article’s claim and I can accept its stand. Adding on, the consumption of Korean red ginseng is able to help decrease incidence of cancer according to Korean Ginseng Corporation (Please refer to Appendix 2). Thus, I trust the article’s claim to an extent. However, I feel that the evidence from the article is unreliable to a certain extent. From the article, it is said that Mitterrand’s life span had increased to more than twice because he consumed Korean red ginseng. A possible reasoning that he lived longer than expected could be due to the inaccurate prediction from his doctor, rather than the effects of Korean red ginseng alone. From my online research, it is common that doctors are â€Å"poor at predicting life span, even when they’re dealing with the terminally ill† patients (Schumann, 2010). Thus, I feel that it is not accurate evidence to support the article’s claim and I am unable to accept it. Furthermore, the article states â€Å"one of the most bought items by visiting Chinese tourists to Korea is red ginseng†. This statement is vague and I feel that it does not imply that the consumers bought the Korean red ginseng out of pure belief that it can prevent cancer, or rather to increase their life span. There is a possibility that the consumers bought the Korean red ginseng because of the effects of â€Å"word of mouth†, which means that they buy the ginseng simply because everybody else had bought it. It is similar to a chain effect. As such, I feel that this evidence from the article is insufficient and I am unable to accept that it can support the article’s claim. Moreover, the extension of life span of cancer patients can be attributed to many other external factors rather than just the consumption of Korean red ginseng alone. For instance, studies have shown that by maintaining an optimistic attitude can help lengthen life span too (Wells, 2012). A Yale University researchers statement further supports this statement that: Positive self-perceptions can prolong life expectancy (Lovette, 2012). Hence, this shows that the claim is unreliable to a certain extent since it failed to recognize other factors that contribute to the increase of life span. In conclusion, I agree with the claim made by the article after weighing both sides of it. It is no doubt that Korean red ginseng is able to bring about good health if consumed long term. However, I feel that the use of Korean red ginseng to overcome cancer cannot be regarded as a single remedy on its own. It must be coupled with other external factors such as healthy lifestyle, optimistic environment and attitude in order to maximize the positive effects. According to Korean Ginseng Corporation, long-term consumption of it can help fight insomnia, anti-ageing, increase concentration, stamina, improve memory function and many more. Frei. B. (1997). Reactive Oxygen Species and Antioxidant Vitamins. Taken from http://lpi. oregonstate. edu/f-w97/reactive. html Korean Ginseng Corporation. Taken from http://www. kgcus. com/Studies. html Lovett. S. (2012). 10 Practical steps to a more optimistic attitude- in just 30 days Taken from http://australianriverrestorationcentre. com. au/2012/05/ Schumann. J. H. (2010). The Worst Fortune Tellers. Why doctors are so bad at predicting how long their patients will live. Taken from http://www. slate. com/articles/health_and_science/medical_examiner/2010/08/the_worst_fortune_tellers. html Wells. J. (2012). Optimistic People Live Longer Taken from http://www. familyhealthguide. co. uk/10-tips-for-a-longer-happier-life. html How to cite Can Korean Red Ginseng Increase the Life Span of Cancer Patients?, Essay examples

Sunday, May 3, 2020

Animal Farm Essay Questions Example For Students

Animal Farm Essay Questions The main purpose of satire is to attack, and intensely criticise the target subject. This is superbly carried out in the classic piece of satire, Animal Farm. The main targets at the brunt of this political satire are the society that was created in Russia after the Bolshevik Revolution of 1917, and the leaders involved in it. George Orwell successfully condemns these targets through satirical techniques such as irony, fable, and allegory. The immediate object of attack in Orwells political satire is the society that was created in Russia after the Bolshevik Revolution of 1917. The events narrated in Animal Farm obviously and continuously refer to events in another story, the history of the Russian Revolution. In other words, Animal Farm is not only a charming fable (A Fairy Story, as Orwell playfully subtitles it) and a bitter political satire; it is also an allegory. The main target of this allegory is Stalin, represented by Napoleon the pig. He represents the human frailties of an y revolution. Orwell believed that although socialism is a good ideal, it could never be successfully adopted due to uncontrollable sins of human nature. For example, although Napoleon seems at first to be a good leader, he is eventually overcome by greed and soon becomes power-hungry. Of course Stalin did too in Russia, leaving the original equality of socialism behind, giving him all the power and living in luxury while the common pheasant suffered. Orwell explains: Somehow it seemed as though the farm had grown richer without making the animals themselves any richer except of course for the pigs and the dogs. The perennial topic of satire is to point out the frailties of the human condition, and this is one of Orwells central themes in Animal Farm . That its not necessarily the system that is corrupt or faulty, but the individuals in power. Old Major, with all his good intentions, took no note of the crucial fact: whilst his ideals were sound and moral, corrupt individuals found ways and opportunities to exploit those ideals to suit their own purposes. So Orwell successfully points out the frailties of his satirical targets by using the satirical technique of the allegory. Another main satirical technique used to condemn these targets is the use of fable, or storytelling. A fable is a story, usually having a moral in which beasts talk and act like men and women. Orwells characters are both animal and human. The pigs, for example eat mash real pig food but with milk in it that they have grabbed and persuaded the other animals to let them keep (a human action). The dogs growl and bite the way real dogs dobut to support Napoleons drive for political power. Orwell never forgets this delicate balance between how real animals actually behave and what human qualities his animals are supposed to represent. Lets just say Orwell hadnt used the technique of storytelling, and had painted an objective picture of the evils he describes. The real picture would probabl y be very depressing and extremely boring. So instead, he offers us a travesty of the situation. The primary reason for this abstraction was to move readers from the concrete reality. So whilst entertaining us through a fantastic setting, he provides us reader with a critical vision towards his targets. It is written for entertainment, but contains sharp and telling comments on the Russian revolution and its leaders, offering imaginary gardens with real toads in them. Part of the fables humorous charm lies in the simplicity with which the characters are drawn. Each animal character is a type, with one human trait, or two at mosttraits usually associated with that particular kind of animal. Using animals as types is also Orwells way of keeping his hatred and anger against exploiters under control. Instead of crying, All political bosses are vicious pigs! he keeps his sense of humour by reporting calmly: In future, all questions relating to the working of the farm would be settled by a special committee of pigs. The story of Animal Farm is told in a simple, straightforward style. The sentences are often short and spare: Old Major cleared his throat and began to sing. It was a bitter winter. The story follows a single line of action, calmly told, with no digressions. Orwells style, said one critic, has relentless simplicity and pathetic doggedness of the animals themselves. There is a kind of tension in Animal Farm between the sad story the author has to tell and the lucid, almost light way he tells it. This is very ironic, because the content of the story is so very different from the style. You are expecting the story to be like every other fable youve read. Complete with cute characters, predictable plotline, and happy ending. But because of the nature of the content in Animal farm, the content is completely incongruent to the style. Another irony that occurs in Animal Farm is when pig becomes man. In that Old Major at the beginning assumes that man is the onl y enemy of the animals. He emphasises that animals must never imitate man, especially his vices. Gradually in their life-style and their indifference to the animals, the pigs exploit the animals much more than Jones ever did. This irony particularly depicts how low the pigs had actually become, and how Stalin had made things much worse than it had originally been under the Czars rule. This further enhances the satirical aim of condemning the target. Through satirical techniques such as irony, fable, and allegory, George Orwell paints a vivid picture of the evils in Stalinist Russia in his book Animal Farm. He is very effective in doing so and condemns his targets through every thread of his book including the characters, the themes, and even the style. He does so simply, yet poignantly, and is very successful in achieving the satirical aim of condemning his targets. .u2650051d90a51300dfeaad42c85136e4 , .u2650051d90a51300dfeaad42c85136e4 .postImageUrl , .u2650051d90a51300dfeaad42c85136e4 .centered-text-area { min-height: 80px; position: relative; } .u2650051d90a51300dfeaad42c85136e4 , .u2650051d90a51300dfeaad42c85136e4:hover , .u2650051d90a51300dfeaad42c85136e4:visited , .u2650051d90a51300dfeaad42c85136e4:active { border:0!important; } .u2650051d90a51300dfeaad42c85136e4 .clearfix:after { content: ""; display: table; clear: both; } .u2650051d90a51300dfeaad42c85136e4 { display: block; transition: background-color 250ms; webkit-transition: background-color 250ms; width: 100%; opacity: 1; transition: opacity 250ms; webkit-transition: opacity 250ms; background-color: #95A5A6; } .u2650051d90a51300dfeaad42c85136e4:active , .u2650051d90a51300dfeaad42c85136e4:hover { opacity: 1; transition: opacity 250ms; webkit-transition: opacity 250ms; background-color: #2C3E50; } .u2650051d90a51300dfeaad42c85136e4 .centered-text-area { width: 100%; position: relative ; } .u2650051d90a51300dfeaad42c85136e4 .ctaText { border-bottom: 0 solid #fff; color: #2980B9; font-size: 16px; font-weight: bold; margin: 0; padding: 0; text-decoration: underline; } .u2650051d90a51300dfeaad42c85136e4 .postTitle { color: #FFFFFF; font-size: 16px; font-weight: 600; margin: 0; padding: 0; width: 100%; } .u2650051d90a51300dfeaad42c85136e4 .ctaButton { background-color: #7F8C8D!important; color: #2980B9; border: none; border-radius: 3px; box-shadow: none; font-size: 14px; font-weight: bold; line-height: 26px; moz-border-radius: 3px; text-align: center; text-decoration: none; text-shadow: none; width: 80px; min-height: 80px; background: url(https://artscolumbia.org/wp-content/plugins/intelly-related-posts/assets/images/simple-arrow.png)no-repeat; position: absolute; right: 0; top: 0; } .u2650051d90a51300dfeaad42c85136e4:hover .ctaButton { background-color: #34495E!important; } .u2650051d90a51300dfeaad42c85136e4 .centered-text { display: table; height: 80px; padding-left : 18px; top: 0; } .u2650051d90a51300dfeaad42c85136e4 .u2650051d90a51300dfeaad42c85136e4-content { display: table-cell; margin: 0; padding: 0; padding-right: 108px; position: relative; vertical-align: middle; width: 100%; } .u2650051d90a51300dfeaad42c85136e4:after { content: ""; display: block; clear: both; } READ: okay.doc Essay

Thursday, March 26, 2020

The Magnificent Lovers monologue from the play by Moliere Essay Example For Students

The Magnificent Lovers monologue from the play by Moliere Essay A monologue from the play by Moliere NOTE: This monologue is reprinted from The Dramatic Works of Moliere, Vol. III. Ed. Charles Heron Wall. London: George Bell Sons, 1891. SOSTRATUS: Madam, all minds are not gifted with the necessary qualities which the delicacy of those fine sciences called abstruse require. There are some so material that they cannot conceive what others understand most easily. There is nothing more agreeable, Madam, than all the great promises of these sublime sciences. To transform everything into gold; to cause people to live for ever; to cure with words; to make ourselves loved by whomsoever we please; to know all the secrets of futurity; to bring down from heaven, according to one\s will, on metals, impressions of happiness; to command demons, to raise invisible armies and invulnerable soldiersall this is delightful, no doubt; and there are people who experience no difficulty whatever in believing all this to be possible; it is the easiest thing for them to conceive. But for me, I acknowledge that my coarse, gross mind can hardly understand and refuses to believe it; that, in fact, it thinks it all too good ever to be true. All those beautiful arguments of sympathy, magnetic power, and occult virtue, are so subtle and delicate that they escape my material understanding; and, without speaking of anything else, it has never been in my power to conceive how there is to be found in the heavens even the smallest particulars of the fortune of the least of men. What relation, what connection, what reciprocity, can there be between us and globes so immeasurably distant from our earth? And how, besides, can this sublime science have come to man? What god revealed it? Or what experience can have been formed from the observation of that immense number of stars which have never as yet been seen twice in the same order? We will write a custom essay on The Magnificent Lovers monologue from the play by Moliere specifically for you for only $16.38 $13.9/page Order now

Friday, March 6, 2020

History of the IRA essays

History of the IRA essays There are many terrorist groups through out the world. There are few, if any however, that are as old as the Irish Republican Army. The IRA is most likely the oldest terrorist organization in the world today. The Irish Republican Army fights for Ireland's independence from the United Kingdom of Great Britain. The history of the Irish Republican Army goes back a very long time The organization from which modern Irish republicans trace their origins - the United Irishmen of the 1790s. Inspired by the example of the American War of Independence and by the democratic ideals of the French Revolution, the United Irishmen sought to unite the people of Ireland in a common effort to achieve equality and freedom. Choosing non-violent means to win their aims, the United Irishmen were quickly met with an aggressive response from the British government. It was only then that they exercised their right as Irish people to defend their liberty by the use of arms. It was a pattern that was to be repeated several times in the next century and a half. Armed uprisings against British rule took place in 1798, 1803, 1848 and 1867. The 45 years between 1803 and 1848 saw the Irish population mobilized in one of the first mass movements for political reform in the history of Europe. The demand for legislative independence for Ireland was denied by the British government. The Great Hunger of 1845-1852 saw a million people starve and a million more emigrate yet this catastrophe befell an unarmed people and there was only sporadic resistance. The ill-fated uprising of 1848 was localized. The lessons of this period were not lost on succeeding generations of Irish patriots and the Fenian Movement of the late 1850s and 1860s won widespread support in Ireland and America for its program of armed struggle to achieve an Irish Republic. The uprising of 1867 was crushed and another 49 years were to pass before Irish nationalists attempted an armed resista...

Wednesday, February 19, 2020

Marketing Spotlight on HSBC Case Study Example | Topics and Well Written Essays - 1250 words

Marketing Spotlight on HSBC - Case Study Example A deeper insight into this strategy reveals that the efforts are directed towards becoming the consumer's expert on cultural knowledge of the nation thus getting deep visibility into financial opportunities in the country hidden in the personality & motivation of the end consumers that is normally invisible to other outsiders (Montgomery. 2008). The localization model of HSBC is supported strongly by their global technology system called Hexagon Infrastructure having foundations laid way back in 1983 and subsequently key enhancements implemented in 1987, 1989, and 1994 (Peffers and Tuunainen. 1999). HSBC owns one of the most sophisticated & efficient banking transactions & customer service management systems of the world. As defined by Hamid and Amin et al. (2007), Internet Banking is a powerful mean of enhancing competitive advantages that should be informative, communicative & transactional as per the local customer needs. As reported by these researchers, HSBC is one of the few foreign banks that are able to compete effectively with the local banks at Malaysia & Thailand pertaining to Internet Banking. Also, this is the only bank in the world that offers secure ID tokens to the customers for Internet Banking (Goodwin. 2006). Another key success factor of HSBC is their focus on some specific customer needs through niche marketing like the example of pet insurance offering in the spotlight document. Lemon and Seiders (2007) presented another niche focus of HSBC servicing fund transfers for immigrants back into their respective countries through HSBC website. This service is specifically very popular in markets like Mexico and Philippines that are not core targets of many multinational banks. As a result of such offerings, HSBC customers perceive the bank to be socially responsible and innovative which adds to the brand equity of the organization. Sirkeci (2008) presented another niche positioning by HSBC whereby they target the needs of ethnic population of developed countries and offer customized products for them. To serve this segment, they have hired frontline staff from the target communities to ensure better customer friendliness. In nutshell the primary competitive advantages of localization competencies and ability to target niche segments has ensured the current global positioning of HSBC as such. Where is HSBC vulnerable and what should they watch for McDonald and Chernatony (2001) reported that while the competency of localization is evident very strongly in the parent brand, the same is not reflected adequately in promotion of individual products like Meridian, Vector, Orchard, etc. Moreover, the benefits of individual products of HSBC are not communicated adequately through product branding exercise. This leads to tight correlation of individual product lines with the parent brand thus risking the HSBC brand equity in a location due to failure of a product line. This is a serious vulnerability that HSBC should watch for. Another vulnerability HSBC might face is pertaining to their sheer size and the